Rehabilitation is a method treatment designed to facilitate recovery after a serious injury, illness or surgery. It is aimed at enabling the patients to restore the physical, sensory, intellectual, psychological and social function.
The goal of rehabilitation program is to achieve fastest patient recovery. This program assists the patient to return to normal life through therapy or training.
Pre-operative rehabilitation phase prepares the patient physically and mentally for both the surgery and the post operative program. Post operative rehabilitation program offers faster healing.
Various rehabilitation programs practiced include:
- Physical therapy
- Occupational therapy
- Hand therapy
- Speech language therapy
- Pain Management
Physical therapy – Physical therapy is a branch of rehabilitative medicine that uses specially designed exercises and equipments to help patients regain or improve their physical abilities.
Occupational therapy – Occupational therapy is recommended in patients with injury or after surgery of upper and lower extremities. The main goal of occupational therapy is to enable people to restore their daily activities.
Occupational therapy is a health profession associated with promoting health and well being through occupation.
Hand therapy – Hand therapy is a type of rehabilitation performed by a hand therapist on patients with conditions affecting the upper limb and impairs hand function.
Hand therapy plays an important role in the recovery from hand injuries and recovery after surgery. Hand therapy is a combination of occupational therapy and physical therapy with comprehensive knowledge of the anatomy and functionality of upper limb.
Pain management – Treating the underlying disorder eliminates or minimizes the pain. Pain relievers (analgesics) may be needed for immediate relief from pain. Other techniques are also employed to improve the pain.
Click on the topics below to find out more from the Orthopaedic connection website of American Academy of Orthopaedic Surgeons.